Economics

The Start of Something Big?

THE FEBRUARY LABOR REPORT FROM DEPARTMENT OF LABOR, BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS, JUST CAME OUT…GOOD NEWS

In sifting through the EMPLOYMENT SITUATION – FEBRUARY 2017, several things pop out at you.

First, you’ll notice that the Bureau of Labor Statistics points out that the payroll jobs number came in at a robust 235,000 for the month.

Secondly, you will note the unemployment rate came in at 4.7 percent, dropping from 4.8 percent in January 2017.

“Total nonfarm payroll employment rose by 235,000 in February, and the unemployment rate was little changed at 4.7 percent, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Employment gains occurred in construction, private educational services, manufacturing, health care, and mining.”

The Employment-Population Ratio hits an Eight Year High

There’s no doubt that the February 2017 labor report was very positive. To key on one point in a overall very good month, let’s take a quick look at the Employment-Population Ratio. The Employment-Population Ratio measures the employed divided by the Civilian Noninstitutional Population (those 16+ years of age who are not in the military or otherwise institutionalized). In coming in at 60.0%, this is the best reading since February 2009 (60.3%) — a very long eight year period.

The FED (Federal Reserve) and the Employment-Population Ratio

It’s important to note that the FED looks upon the Employment-Population Ratio as an important data point in formulating monetary policy.

This is a very short piece, but we wanted to make sure you were aware that the Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) will be meeting on March 14-15, 2017. In all likelihood, the FOMC will vote to raise the targeted Fed Funds rate by 0.25% or even 0.50% (from the current 0.50-0.75% targeted range) based in part on the much improved Employment-Population Ratio. Having said this, there is much more critical analysis that we will present in the near future regarding the impending Fed Funds target rate hike.

February Employment Situation Rundown

In February 2017 the following occurred in labor markets:

  • The Civilian Noninstitutional Population expanded by 164,000
  • The Labor Force grew by 340,000 [Labor Force 340,000 = Employed 447,000 + Unemployed -107,000]
  • The Labor Force Participation Rate (LFPR) climbed to 63.0%
  • Employed grew by 447,000
  • Employment-Population Ratio again rose to 60.0%…this is the highest number since February 2009 (60.3%)!
  • Unemployed dropped by 107,000
  • U3 Unemployment Rate dropped to 4.7%
  • The ‘Not in the Labor Force’ component went down by 176,000
  • Not in the Labor Force (NLF) = Civilian Noninstitutional Population (CNP) – Labor Force (LF) [Employed + Unemployed]
  • NLF = (CNP) 164,000 – [447,000 Employed –107,000 Unemployed]
  • NLF = Civilian Noninstitutional Population (CNP) 164,000 – Labor Force (LF) 340,000
  • NLF = -176,000


Print pageEmail page

About the author

Donald Byrne and Edward Derbin

DONALD BYRNE and EDWARD DERBIN are colleagues who teach online courses in economics at UC-Berkley and edit a popular website: EconNewsLetter.com. Together, they have enjoyed bringing an increasingly relevant view of the American economic landscape to the public. Professor Byrne holds a Ph.D. in economics from the University of Notre Dame whereas Professor Derbin holds both M.A. and M.B.A. degrees from the University of Detroit Mercy.

Archives

Subscribe by Email

Enter your email address to subscribe to Catholic Journal and receive notifications of new posts by email.

Ad
Ad
Ad
Ad
Ad
Ad
Ad
Ad
Ad
Ad
Ad